In early June at least two residents in the small upstate New York village, Hoosick Falls, were tested to have 50 times the national average of the toxic chemical PFOA (perflurooctanoic acid). Harold and Marion Stevens told News 10 ABC TV that their numbers were 159 and 104 mcg per liter respectively. The nationwide average readings for PFOA are 2.08. PFOA likely comes from a plastics manufacturing plant near Hoosick Falls, NY. PFOA causes kidney and testicular cancer, as well as ulcerative colitis (stomach problems).